Urban LandMark

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A Handbook on Urban Land Markets for Africa

Managing urban land: a guide for municipal practitioners

Training for Township Renewal Initiative:
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Practice Notes

Technical Reports

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Tenure Security Facility Southern Africa Project: Practice Notes


The Tenure Security Facility Southern Africa project, supported by Cities Alliance and with co-funding from UKaid by the Department for International Development (DFID) in 2012 and 2013 provided technical assistance and small-scale, targeted advisory services on incrementally securing tenure in slum upgrading in the region.

The project investigated appropriate mechanisms to incrementally increase tenure security for households living in informal circumstances in slums / informal settlements by providing advisory services in six sites in Southern Africa where the Tenure Security Facility project has developed partnerships, some over several years:

  • In Angola with Development Workshop, an NGO based in Luanda

  • In Maputo, Mozambique with ANAMM, the national association of municipalities, and with the Cities Alliance Country Programme there

  • In Lilongwe, Malawi with the Centre for Community Organisation and Development (CCODE), an NGO which works to link active poor communities with governments and local authorities to facilitate dialogue and solutions to meet their basic needs

  • In eMalahleni, South Africa with Planact, an NGO working with an informal settlement community in Springvalley

  • In Cape Town, South Africa with Sun Development Services, which works for the City of Cape Town in piloting upgrading in five informal settlements

  • In Johannesburg, South Africa where Urban LandMark has provided support over several years to the city's regularisation programme.

Lessons from these sites have informed the development of five Practice Notes - short notes based on the technical advice given in each site that provide guidance to practitioners, officials and communities who are involved in incremental tenure processes in informal settlements. They aim to provide solid, practical advice on particular aspects of tenure security, but also deal with the different aspects of the overall approach to incrementally securing tenure in informal settlement upgrading processes. These Practice Notes show what we have learnt from these sites that can inform our overall approach to incrementally securing tenure, and what this means for recognition mechanisms and for the progression towards more secure tenure.

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